Document Detail


Do deterrence and social-control theories predict driving after drinking 15 years after a DWI conviction?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22269495     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the utility of deterrence and social-control theories for prospective prediction of driving-while-impaired (DWI) outcomes of first-time DWI offenders.
METHOD: The sample consisted of a subset of 544 convicted first-time DWI offenders (N=337 females) who were interviewed 5 and 15 years after referral to a Screening Program in Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Variables collected at the 5-year (initial) interview were used in structural equation models to predict past 3-months, self-reported DWI at the 15-year follow-up (follow-up) interview. These variables represented domains defined by deterrence and social-control theories of DWI behavior, with one model corresponding to deterrence theory and one to social-control theory.
RESULTS: Both models fit the data. DWI jail time was positively related to perceived enforcement, which was negatively but not significantly related to self-reported DWI. Neither jail time for DWI nor perceived likelihood of arrest was linearly related to self-reported DWI at follow-up. Interactions between jail time and prior DWI behavior indicated relatively weaker associations between initial and 15-year DWI for those reporting more jail time.
CONCLUSION: Our prospective study demonstrated that for this convicted DWI offender cohort, classic formulations of deterrence and social-control theories did not account for DWI. However, results suggest that punishment may decrease the likelihood of DWI recidivism.
Authors:
Sandra C Lapham; Michael Todd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-01-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1879-2057     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-24     Completed Date:  2012-05-31     Revised Date:  2014-09-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  142-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / legislation & jurisprudence*,  prevention & control*
Adult
Alcohol Drinking / legislation & jurisprudence*,  prevention & control*
Alcoholic Intoxication / complications*,  prevention & control*
Automobile Driving / legislation & jurisprudence*
Cohort Studies
Crime / legislation & jurisprudence*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Likelihood Functions
Male
Mass Screening / legislation & jurisprudence
New Mexico
Prospective Studies
Punishment
Recurrence / prevention & control
Referral and Consultation / legislation & jurisprudence
Social Control, Formal*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 AA009620/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA009620-05/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA014750/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA014750-04/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01-AA014750/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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