Document Detail

Do the daily experiences of healthy men and women vary according to occupational prestige and work strain?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10845348     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the influence of occupational prestige and work strain on mood, the occurrence of interpersonal conflict, and ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate. METHODS: Participants were 50 men and 50 women matched for occupational prestige who were healthy and middle-aged and who completed measures of mood and conflict simultaneously with measures of ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate recorded every 30 minutes during waking hours of two workdays and one nonworkday; at the end of each day, overall ratings were made. Work strain was assessed by the Work Section of the Self-Evaluation and Social Support Interview Schedule. Multiple level random regression coefficients analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Men and women with low-prestige occupations experienced more interpersonal conflict, b = -0.03, p = .04, and higher ambulatory heart rate, b = -4.83, p = .004, throughout the three days of the study. Relative to those with low work strain, those reporting high work strain experienced negative emotion, b = -0.41, p < .0001, and boredom, b = -0.17, p < .0004. End of the day ratings of negative mood were more influenced by work strain among men than among women. No effects of occupational prestige or work strain were obtained for ambulatory blood pressure readings after adjustment for physical activity, posture, and location. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals in low-prestige occupations experience greater exposure to interpersonal conflict and arousal as indexed by heart rate, which might increase risk for stress-related illnesses often associated with social class. Individuals who report work strain experience negative mood and boredom, both at work and at home. The absence of work effects on ambulatory blood pressure may be due to the participants being healthy.
K A Matthews; K Räikkönen; S A Everson; J D Flory; C A Marco; J F Owens; C E Lloyd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0033-3174     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:    2000 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-10-04     Completed Date:  2000-10-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  346-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology
Burnout, Professional / etiology*
Conflict (Psychology)
Health Status*
Heart Rate / physiology
Interpersonal Relations
Middle Aged
Mood Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Regression Analysis
Social Class
Stress, Psychological / psychology*
Time Factors
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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