Document Detail

Do children cope better than adults with potentially traumatic stress? A 40-year follow-up of Holocaust survivors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11383444     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Anecdotal reports suggest that child survivors of the Nazi persecution are functioning well as adults. Ratings of their parents by a randomly selected community sample of young adult Ashkenazi Jews on a scale that measured Schizoid, Paranoid, Depressive/Masochistic and Type A/Normal Aggressive symptoms permitted verification of these reports. Among the parents were groups who were children, adolescents, or young adults in 1945, at the end of World War II. Child-survivor parents did not differ from native-born parents on these measures 40 years later, whereas, consistent with the empirical findings of others, survivors who were adolescents or young adults at the end of the war manifested more paranoid and depressive/masochistic symptoms than native-born parents. To explain this possible greater long-term resilience among those who were child survivors, reference is made to later caretakers, endowment, cognitive and social development, and psychodynamics.
J J Sigal; M Weinfeld
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychiatry     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0033-2747     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2001  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-31     Completed Date:  2001-10-11     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376470     Medline TA:  Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  69-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, Jewish General Hospital, 4333 Cote St.-Catherine Rd., Montreal, Quebec, H3X 3C3, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological*
Age Distribution
Canada / epidemiology
Defense Mechanisms
Follow-Up Studies
Holocaust / psychology*
Jews / psychology*
Middle Aged
Personality Development
Social Adjustment
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology,  psychology*
Survival / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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