Document Detail

Do behavioural self-blame and stigma predict positive health changes in survivors of lung or head and neck cancers?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23544675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Survivors of lung or head and neck cancers often change tobacco and alcohol consumption after diagnosis, but few studies have examined other positive health changes (PHCs) or their determinants in these groups. The present study aims to: (a) document PHCs in survivors of lung (n = 107) or head and neck cancers (n = 99) and (b) examine behavioural self-blame and stigma as determinants of PHCs. We hypothesised that: (a) survivors would make a variety of PHCs; (b) behavioural self-blame for the disease would positively predict making PHCs; and (c) stigma would negatively predict making PHCs. Methods : Respondents self-administered measures of PHC, behavioural self-blame, and stigma. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis tested the hypotheses. Results: More than 65% of respondents reported making PHCs, the most common being changes in diet (25%), exercise (23%) and tobacco consumption (16.5%). Behavioural self-blame significantly predicted PHCs but stigma did not. However, both behavioural self-blame and stigma significantly predicted changes in tobacco consumption. Conclusions : Many survivors of lung or head and neck cancers engage in PHCs, but those who do not attribute the disease to their behaviour are less likely to do so. Attention to this problem and additional counselling may help people to adopt PHCs.
Sophie Lebel; Andrea Feldstain; Megan McCallum; Sara Beattie; Jonathan Irish; Andrea Bezjak; Gerald M Devins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology & health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-8321     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Health     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807983     Medline TA:  Psychol Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
a School of Psychology, University of Ottawa , Ottawa , Canada.
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