Document Detail

Do as I say: parent smoking, antismoking socialization, and smoking onset among children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9022876     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined relationships between smoking and antismoking practices of parents and early onset of smoking among elementary-grade children. The parent practices we investigated were direct modeling of cigarette smoking and antismoking socialization variables, such as setting rules to eliminate cigarette smoking in the home, awareness of children's smoking behaviors, and making clear the disciplinary consequences of cigarette smoking. Surveying a sample of 1.213 third- and fifth-grade children, we found (1) children's risk of early onset of smoking increases with level of exposure to parent smoking models; (2) if one or both parents are current smokers, children who have never tried smoking have significantly greater risk of intending to smoke, perceiving easy access to cigarettes, and being ambivalent about smoking; (3) risk rates for children of former smokers indicate that parents' quitting smoking does not eradicate the effects of parent modeling; and (4) children whose parents engage in antismoking socialization have significantly lower rates of smoking onset, even if parents are current smokers. The implications of these results for preventive intervention and future research are discussed.
C Jackson; L Henriksen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:    1997 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-25     Completed Date:  1997-04-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  107-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599-7400, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age of Onset
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Family Health*
Imitative Behavior
North Carolina / epidemiology
Sampling Studies
Smoking / epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  psychology*
Grant Support

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