Document Detail

Do agonistic motives matter more than anger? Three studies of cardiovascular risk in adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21534673     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Three motivational profiles have been associated with recurring psychological stress in low-income youth and young adults: Striving to control others (agonistic striving), striving to control the self (transcendence striving), and not asserting control (dissipated striving). Agonistic striving has been associated with elevated ambulatory blood pressure during daily activities. Three studies tested the hypotheses that: (1) agonistic striving is associated with poor anger regulation, and (2) agonistic striving and poor anger regulation interactively elevate blood pressure.
DESIGN: Motivational profiles, anger regulation, and ambulatory blood pressure were assessed in a multiethnic sample of 264 urban youth.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) anger regulation/recovery during laboratory challenge; (2) anger/blood pressure during daily activities (48 hours).
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Replication of the profiles in distant cities showed they occur with similar frequency across differences of region, race, and gender. Analyses controlling for body size, race, and gender revealed that individuals with the agonistic striving profile had higher ambulatory pressure, especially during social encounters. They became more openly angry and aggressive when challenged but did not exhibit difficulty regulating anger in the laboratory, nor did they feel angrier during monitoring. However, individuals with the agonistic striving profile who did display poor anger regulation in the lab had the highest blood pressure; deficient self-regulatory capability amplified the positive association between agonistic striving and cardiovascular risk in both genders and all ethnic groups. Although anger is thought to increase cardiovascular risk, present findings suggest that anger and elevated blood pressure are coeffects of agonistic struggles to control others.
Craig K Ewart; Gavin J Elder; Joshua M Smyth; Martin J Sliwinski; Randall S Jorgensen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1930-7810     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-30     Completed Date:  2011-10-25     Revised Date:  2014-09-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  510-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Anger / physiology*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Cardiovascular Diseases / psychology*
Hypertension / physiopathology,  psychology*
Poverty / psychology
Power (Psychology)*
Risk Factors
Social Environment
Stress, Psychological / physiopathology*,  psychology*
Urban Population
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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