Document Detail

Do traditional VT zones improve outcome in primary prevention ICD patients?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20727095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
AIMS: We reviewed outcomes in our primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) population according to whether the device was programmed with a single ventricular fibrillation (VF) zone or with two zones including a ventricular tachycardia (VT) zone in addition to a VF zone.
METHODS: This retrospective study examined 137 patients with primary prevention ICDs implanted at our institution between 2004 and 2006. Device programming and events during follow-up were reviewed. Outcomes included all-cause mortality, time to first shock, and incidence of shocks.
RESULTS: Eighty-seven ICDs were programmed with a single VF zone (mean >193 ± 1 beats per minute [bpm]) comprising shocks only. Fifty ICDs had two zones (mean VT zone >171 ± 2 bpm; VF zone >205 ± 2 bpm), comprising antitachycardia pacing (100%), shocks (96%), and supraventricular (SVT) discriminators (98%) . Discriminator "time out" functions were disabled. Mean follow-up was 30 ± 0.5 months and similar in both groups. All-cause mortality (12.6% and 12.0%) and time to first shock were similar. However, the two-zone group received more shocks (32.0% vs 13.8% P = 0.01). Five of 16 shocks in these patients were inappropriate for SVT rhythms. The single-zone group had no inappropriate shocks for SVTs. Eighteen of 21 appropriate shocks were for ventricular arrhythmias at rates >200 bpm (three VF, 15 VT). This suggests that primary prevention ICD patients infrequently suffer ventricular arrhythmias at rates <200 bpm and that ATP may play a role in terminating rapid VTs.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with two-zone devices received more shocks without any mortality benefit.
Edward Duncan; Glyn Thomas; Neville Johns; Cameron Pfeffer; Gautham Appanna; Nirav Shah; Ross Hunter; Malcolm Finlay; Richard J Schilling; Simon Sporton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1353-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
©2010, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Department of Cardiology, Barts and the London NHS Trust, London, UK.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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