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Do Solid-State Structures Reflect Lewis Acidity Trends of Heavier Group 13 Trihalides? Experimental and Theoretical Case Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23043542     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Lewis acidity trends of aluminum and gallium halides have been considered on the basis of joint X-ray and density functional theory studies. Structures of complexes of heavier group 13 element trihalides MX(3) (M = Al, Ga; X = Cl, Br, I) with monodentate nitrogen-containing donors Py, pip, and NEt(3) as well as the structure of the AlCl(3)·PPh(3) adduct have been established for the first time by X-ray diffraction studies. Extensive theoretical studies (B3LYP/TZVP level of theory) of structurally characterized complexes between MX(3) and nitrogen-, phosphorus-, arsenic-, and oxygen-containing donor ligands have allowed us to establish the Lewis acidity trends Al > Ga, Cl ≈ Br > I. Analysis of the experimental and theoretical results points out that the solid state masks the Lewis acidity trend of aluminum halides. The difference in the Al-N bond distances between AlCl(3)·D and AlBr(3)·D complexes in the gas phase is small, while in the condensed phase, shorter Al-N distances for AlBr(3)·D complexes are observed with 9-fluorenone, mdta, and NEt(3) donors. The model based on intermolecular (H···X) interactions in solid adducts is proposed to explain this phenomenon. Thus, the donor-acceptor bond distance in the solid complexes cannot always be used as a criterion of Lewis acidity.
Alexey Y Timoshkin; Michael Bodensteiner; Tatiana N Sevastianova; Anna S Lisovenko; Elena I Davydova; Manfred Scheer; Christian Graßl; Alina V Butlak
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Inorganic chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Inorg Chem     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366543     Medline TA:  Inorg Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Inorganic Chemistry Group, Department of Chemistry, St. Petersburg State University , University Pr. 26, Old Peterhof, St. Petersburg 198504, Russia.
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