Document Detail

Do social activities substitute for food in youth?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20052567     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Behavioral economics offers a framework to understand choice among alternatives. There is no research on the interrelationship between food and social activity in overweight and non-overweight children.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the substitutability of food and social interactions using behavioral economic methods in overweight and non-overweight youth.
METHODS: Fifty-four (24 males and 30 females) overweight and non-overweight youth aged 9 to 11 years old were tested using a behavioral choice paradigm which involved participants responding to earn points exchangeable for food and/or social activity.
RESULTS: Youth substituted food for social activities when the cost of social time with an unfamiliar peer increased (p < 0.05) and substituted food for social activities with an unfamiliar peer when the cost of food increased (p < 0.05). However, when interacting with a friend was the alternative, participants did not substitute food for social interactions.
CONCLUSIONS: Social interactions can serve as a substitute for food in both lean and overweight youth.
Sarah-Jeanne Salvy; Lauren A Nitecki; Leonard H Epstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1532-4796     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Behav Med     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-10     Completed Date:  2010-05-05     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510246     Medline TA:  Ann Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  205-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Body Weight
Child Psychology
Choice Behavior* / physiology
Eating / psychology*
Energy Intake*
Food Preferences / psychology
Interpersonal Relations*
Overweight / psychology
Peer Group
Social Conformity
Social Environment
Thinness / psychology
Grant Support
1R01HD057190-01A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD057190/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD057190-01A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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