Document Detail

Do Lizards Avoid Habitats in Which Performance Is Submaximal? The Relationship between Sprinting Capabilities and Structural Habitat Use in Caribbean Anoles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10506545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Recent years have seen an increased emphasis on measuring ecologically relevant performance capabilities to understand associations between morphology and habitat use. Such studies presume that performance is invariant, but in eight Caribbean Anolis lizard species, we found that maximal sprinting ability depends on surface diameter. Moreover, these species differ in the degree to which sprint speed declines with decreasing surface diameter, defined as "sprint sensitivity" (high sprint sensitivity=substantial declines in speed between broad and narrow dowels). The habitat constraint hypothesis postulates that Anolis lizards will avoid structural habitats in which their maximal sprinting capabilities are impaired. The habitat breadth hypothesis postulates that species whose performance is less affected by substrate will use a greater variety of habitats than species whose performance varies to a greater extent on surfaces of different diameters. Field observations quantified the proportion of time that lizards spent on different perch diameters. Both hypotheses were confirmed: species with high values of sprint sensitivity avoided using perches on which their maximal sprinting abilities are impaired, whereas species with low sprint sensitivity used such "submaximal" surfaces more frequently. Species with low sprint sensitivity used a broader range of structural habitats than species with high sprint sensitivity.
Irschick; Losos
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American naturalist     Volume:  154     ISSN:  1537-5323     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Nat.     Publication Date:  1999 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984688R     Medline TA:  Am Nat     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  293-305     Citation Subset:  -    
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