Document Detail

Do 18-month-olds really attribute mental states to others? A critical test.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21642553     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In the research reported here, we investigated whether 18-month-olds would use their own past experience of visual access to attribute perception and consequent beliefs to other people. Infants in this study wore either opaque blindfolds (opaque condition) or trick blindfolds that looked opaque but were actually transparent (trick condition). Then both groups of infants observed an actor wearing one of the same blindfolds that they themselves had experienced, while a puppet removed an object from its location. Anticipatory eye movements revealed that infants who had experienced opaque blindfolds expected the actor to behave in accordance with a false belief about the object's location, but that infants who had experienced trick blindfolds did not exhibit that expectation. Our results suggest that 18-month-olds used self-experience with the blindfolds to assess the actor's visual access and to update her belief state accordingly. These data constitute compelling evidence that 18-month-olds infer perceptual access and appreciate its causal role in altering the epistemic states of other people.
Atsushi Senju; Victoria Southgate; Charlotte Snape; Mark Leonard; Gergely Csibra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-06-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological science     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1467-9280     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Sci     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-21     Completed Date:  2011-12-13     Revised Date:  2013-10-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007542     Medline TA:  Psychol Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  878-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Child Psychology*
Social Perception*
Grant Support
G0701484//Medical Research Council; G1100252//Medical Research Council

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