Document Detail


Diversity of risk of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission according to feeding practices, CD4 cell count, and haemoglobin concentration in a South African cohort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18397394     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the probabilities of intrapartum and postpartum HIV-1 mother-to-child-transmission according to various feeding practices (formula feeding, exclusive breastfeeding, or mixed-feeding) and to other mother and infant covariates. METHODS: We used the promotion time model extended to multiple exposures to study the probability of infection attributable to each transmission occasion. Blood samples from 551 infants from Durban (South Africa) born to HIV-1 positive untreated mothers between 1995 and 1998 were sequentially tested until 15 months. RESULTS: The probability of infection attributable to in utero and intrapartum transmission was 21.88% (18.71-25.20) and was not significantly associated with the feeding practice. The probability of infection attributable to postnatal transmission through exclusive breastfeeding was negligible -0.7% (0-2.5) for 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding-- in comparison with that observed with mixed-feeding -6.15% (3.16-9.57) for 6 months of mixed-feeding. Maternal CD4 cell count and gestational age were significant predictors of intrapartum transmission probability while maternal CD4 cell count and maternal haemoglobin concentration were significant predictors of postpartum transmission probability. CONCLUSION: Decisions about appropriate infant feeding practices should take into account the difference in postpartum transmission risk between exclusive and mixed-feeding. Mixed-feeding should be all the more avoided that mothers have poor immunological statuses and low haemoglobin concentrations.
Authors:
M Tournoud; R Ecochard; L Kuhn; A Coutsoudis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1365-3156     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop. Med. Int. Health     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-09     Completed Date:  2008-05-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610576     Medline TA:  Trop Med Int Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  310-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Hospices Civils de Lyon, Service de Biostatistique, Lyon, F-69424, France. maud.tournoud@chu-lyon.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Bottle Feeding*
Breast Feeding*
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Female
Gestational Age
HIV Infections / blood,  immunology,  transmission*
HIV-1*
Hemoglobins / chemistry
Humans
Infant
Infant Food
Infant, Newborn
Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical*
Male
Pregnancy
Risk Factors
South Africa
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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