Document Detail

Diversity of phenolic profiles in the fruit skin of Prunus domestica plums and related species.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23140499     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The fruits of the European plum Prunus domestica exhibit a great diversity in appearance including the skin colors. This study attempts to elucidate the phenylpropanoid and flavonoid profiles of 28 plum varieties belonging to P. domestica and related species as well as hybrids. A total of 49 phenolic compounds extracted from the fruit skin were quantitatively evaluated in an HPLC-DAD based metabolomic study. The total phenolic contents of the cultivars varied among 0.4-29.9 mg/g fresh weight. The predominant anthocyanins were glycosides of cyanidin and peonidin, rutin was the principal flavonol, whereas neochlorogenic acid and n-chlorogenic acid were the main hydroxycinnamic acids. Aside from these major phenolic classes, a group of tentatively identified flavones and several acylated flavonoids were also found. Principal component analysis revealed that anthocyanins and hydroxycinnamic acids contributed most to varieties separation. The heterogeneity between the different varieties was also assessed using hierarchical cluster analysis of sample phenolics profile. A simple separation of species could not be found confirming the close relationship among them.
Dieter Treutter; Diwei Wang; Mohamed A Farag; Gisselle D Argueta Baires; Susanne Rühmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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