Document Detail


Diversity in the renal hemodynamic effects of dihydropyridine calcium blockers in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9335401     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Effects of dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca2+ channel blocker (CaB) on glomerular hemodynamics are controversial. We examined the effects of two DHP derivatives, benidipine hydrochloride (BDP) and nifedipine (NDP), on glomerular hemodynamics by an in vivo micropuncture method by using spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Systemic bolus infusion of BDP (4 microg/kg) or NDP (250 microg/kg) elicited comparable decreases in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP). The proximal stop-flow pressure (Psf), an indicator of glomerular capillary pressure, revealed significant decreases in BDP but nonsignificant increases in NDP. To minimize the influence of MAP or other systemic events, we monitored Psf during perinephron infusion of CaB and observed significant increases in Psf during 10(-3) M NDP perfusion and nonsignificant changes with 10(-3) M BDP. Moreover, the stability of Psf during alteration of renal perfusion pressure was significantly impaired in the nephron treated with topical NDP. These findings support the notion that CaB has diverse effects on glomerular hemodynamics, and such effects may in part be the result of different pharmacologic actions on the renal microvasculature.
Authors:
T Kawata; S Hashimoto; T Koike
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0160-2446     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1997 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-11-05     Completed Date:  1997-11-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902492     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  431-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine II, School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Calcium Channel Blockers / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Dihydropyridines / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Infusions, Intravenous
Kidney / drug effects*,  physiology
Kidney Tubules / drug effects
Rats
Rats, Inbred SHR
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Channel Blockers; 0/Dihydropyridines; 3337-17-5/1,4-dihydropyridine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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