Document Detail


Diversity and dynamics of bacteriocins from human microbiome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25346017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Human commensal microbiota are an important determinant of health and disease of the host. Different human body sites harbour different bacterial microbiota, bacterial communities that maintain a stable balance. However, many of the factors influencing the stabilities of bacterial communities associated with humans remain unknown. In this study we identified putative bacteriocins produced by human commensal microbiota. Bacteriocins are peptides or proteins with antimicrobial activity that contribute to the stability and dynamics of microbial communities. We employed bioinformatic analyses to identify putative bacteriocin sequences in metagenomic sequences obtained from different human body sites. Prevailing bacterial taxa of the putative bacteriocins producers matched the most abundant organisms in each human body site. Remarkably, we found that samples from different body sites contain different density of putative bacteriocin genes, with the highest in samples from the vagina, the airway, and the oral cavity and the lowest in those from gut. Inherent differences of different body sites thus influence the density and types of bacteriocins produced by commensal bacteria. Our results suggest that bacteriocins play important roles to allow different bacteria to occupy several human body sites, and to establish a long-term commensal relationship with human hosts.
Authors:
Jinshui Zheng; Michael G Gänzle; Xiaoxi B Lin; Lifang Ruan; Ming Sun
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental microbiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1462-2920     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883692     Medline TA:  Environ Microbiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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