Document Detail


Diversity Among Ralstonia solanacearum Strains Isolated from the Southeastern United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22957819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT This is the first comprehensive study of a collection of Ralstonia solanacearum strains from the southeastern United States to be characterized based on biovar, pathogenicity, hypersensitive reaction on tobacco, and phylogenetic analyses of the egl sequence. Rigorous phylogenetic analysis of the commonly used egl gene produced robust phylogenies that differed significantly from a neighbor-joining tree differed from and previously published phylogenies for R. solanacearum strains. These robust trees placed phylotype IV within the phylotype I clade, which may suggest that phylogenies based solely on egl may be misleading. As a result of phylogenetic analyses in this study, we determined that U.S. strains from Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and older Florida strains isolated from solanaceous crops all belong to phylotype II sequevar 7. However, many strains recently isolated in Florida from tomato and other crops were more diverse than the southeastern United States population. These unique Florida strains grouped with strains mostly originating from the Caribbean and Central America. One of the exotic strains, which in a previous study was determined to be established in northern Florida, was characterized more extensively. Upon using Musa-specific multiplex polymerase chain reaction, this strain produced a unique banding pattern, which has not previously been reported. Inoculation of this strain into Musa spp. did not result in wilt symptoms; however, the plants were stunted and root masses were significantly reduced. Furthermore, following root inoculation, the bacterium, unlike a typical Florida race 1 biovar 1 strain, was recovered from the roots and stems, indicating systemic movement. This is the first report of an R. solanacearum strain isolated in the United States that is deleterious to the growth of Musa plants.
Authors:
Jason C Hong; David J Norman; David L Reed; M Timur Momol; Jeffrey B Jones
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytopathology     Volume:  102     ISSN:  0031-949X     ISO Abbreviation:  Phytopathology     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9427222     Medline TA:  Phytopathology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  924-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
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