Document Detail


The Diversity and Abundance of Bacteria and Oxygenic Phototrophs in Saline Biological Desert Crusts in Xinjiang, Northwest China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23299347     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although microorganisms, particularly oxygenic phototrophs, are known as the major players in the biogeochemical cycles of elements in desert soil ecosystems and have received extensive attention, still little is known about the effects of salinity on the composition and abundances of microbial community in desert soils. In this study, the diversity and abundance of bacteria and oxygenic phototrophs in biological desert crusts from Xinjiang province, which were under different salinity conditions, were investigated by using clone library and quantitative PCR (qPCR). The 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic analysis showed that cyanobacteria, mainly Microcoleus vagnitus of the order Oscillatoriales, were predominant in the low saline crusts, while other phototrophs, such as diatom, were the main microorganism group responsible for the oxygenic photosynthesis in the high saline crusts. Furthermore, the higher salt content in crusts may stimulate the growth of other bacteria, including Deinococcus-Thermus, Bacteroidetes, and some subdivisions of Proteobacteria (β-, γ-, and δ-Proteobacteria). The cpcBA-IGS gene analysis revealed the existence of novel M. vagnitus strains in this area. The qPCR results showed that the abundance of oxygenic phototrophs was significantly higher under lower saline condition than that in the higher saline crusts, suggesting that the higher salinity in desert crusts could suppress the numbers of total bacteria and phototrophic bacteria but did highly improve the diversity of salt-tolerant bacteria.
Authors:
Ke Li; Ruyin Liu; Hongxun Zhang; Juanli Yun
Related Documents :
11062887 - Effects of ultrasound energy on degradation of cellulose material.
23830637 - Using hyper as a molecular probe to visualize hydrogen peroxide in living plant cells: ...
20369297 - Effect of lime and wood ash on the nixtamalization of maize and tortilla chemical and n...
12092587 - Kinetics of the aerobic biological degradation of shredded municipal solid waste in liq...
17376567 - Year-to-year correlations in blood metal levels among individuals of two species of nor...
15093377 - Decomposer communities in contaminated soil: is altered community regulation a proper t...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Microbial ecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-184X     ISO Abbreviation:  Microb. Ecol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7500663     Medline TA:  Microb Ecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19 A, Yuquan Road, Beijing, 100049, People's Republic of China.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  16S rRNA-Based PCR-DGGE Analysis of Actinomycete Communities in Fields with Continuous Cotton Croppi...
Next Document:  Shifting Species Interaction in Soil Microbial Community and Its Influence on Ecosystem Functions Mo...