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Distribution and risk factors of hepatitis B virus infection in the general population of Central Iran.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22509188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is the most common chronic viral infection in humans and the most common cause of death among viral hepatitis. As 70% to 80% of chronic hepatitis cases are caused by HBV in Iran, this virus alone is considered the most important cause of liver diseases and the major cause of mortality arising from viral hepatitis cases in Iran.
OBJECTIVES: We planned this study to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B in the general population of Qom, central Iran.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present study is a cross-sectional study. A total of 3690 samples were collected from 7 rural clusters and 116 urban clusters. Ten teams, each consisting of 2 trained members, were assigned to conduct the sampling and fill the questionnaires. The data were analyzed using SPSS.
RESULTS: The prevalence rate of hepatitis B infection in Qom Province was 1.3%. The mean age of the patients with hepatitis B was 44.17 years. The prevalence of hepatitis B was 1.6% in men and 1.1% in women. Moreover, the prevalence of hepatitis B correlated positively with age, tattooing, and literacy level.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence rate of hepatitis B in Qom is 1.3%. It is possible to prevent the disease by increasing public awareness. Further investigation on clinical presentations and a determination of the genotype of the virus are suggested.
Authors:
Mohammad Reza Ghadir; Mojtaba Belbasi; Akram Heidari; Mahboobeh Jandagh; Iman Ahmadi; Hosseinali Habibinejad; Alireza Kabiri; Amir Hossein Ghanooni; Abolfazl Iranikhah; Seyed Moayed Alavian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-02-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatitis monthly     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1735-3408     ISO Abbreviation:  Hepat Mon     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-17     Completed Date:  2012-06-12     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101277874     Medline TA:  Hepat Mon     Country:  Iran    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  112-7     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, IR Iran. ghadir@muq.ac.ir
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