Document Detail


Distribution of mesothelioma cases in different occupational groups and industries in Australia, 1979-1995.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10590549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Australia was a producer and user of asbestos and has one of the highest national incidences of mesothelioma in the world. The incidence is still rising and expected to do so for another 10-20 years. A study was conducted in 1996 to examine the past and current incidence rates of mesothelioma in a number of industries and occupations as the basis for predicting future outcomes. Occupational histories of a total of 3758 mesothelioma cases collected by two sequential national schemes--the Australian Mesothelioma Surveillance Program (1979-1985) and Australian Mesothelioma Register (1986-1995)--were reviewed and coded by the authors. The building industry contributed the largest number of cases nationwide followed by shipbuilding and repair, asbestos cement production, crocidolite mining and milling, railway locomotive construction and repair, coal-fired power stations, and other engineering operations. The mean latency between initial occupational asbestos exposure and diagnosis of the disease was 37.4 years (range = 4-66 years) for cases notified between 1979 and 1985, and 41.4 years (range = 6-84 years) for those between 1986 and 1995. Trends for each industry group have been changing considerably in the past 16 years, with the traditional primary asbestos industry cases from crocidolite mining and milling now on the decline and cases from asbestos cement production having plateaued. In contrast, more recently, more cases were observed from the asbestos user industries such as the building industry, and from occupations such as plumbers, carpenters, machinists, and car mechanics. These increases might be a reflection of the longer latency effects of the intermittent and less severe exposures in these larger occupational groups.
Authors:
P Yeung; A Rogers; A Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied occupational and environmental hygiene     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1047-322X     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Occup Environ Hyg     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-12-23     Completed Date:  1999-12-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9103256     Medline TA:  Appl Occup Environ Hyg     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  759-67     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Alan Rogers OH&S Pty Ltd, Clovelly, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Asbestos / adverse effects*
Australia / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Male
Mesothelioma / epidemiology*,  etiology
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*,  etiology
Occupations / statistics & numerical data*
Population Surveillance / methods
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
1332-21-4/Asbestos

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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