Document Detail


Distinguishing the strength of hypoxic stimulus in intermittent hypoxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18204180     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The intermittent hypoxia (IH) phenomenon is a subject of intensive examinations. In this study we examined whether it could be possible to distinguish the strength of the hypoxic stimulus given in IH cycles on the basis of observed changes in the breathing pattern. We investigated the ventilatory responses to five hypoxic-normoxic cycles (1 min hypoxia/3 min normoxia) in rabbits. Two different hypoxic stimuli were given: gas mixtures of 14% and 11% O2 in N2, each one in a separate run of IH. Ventilatory features: frequency (f), tidal volume (VT) and minute ventilation (VE) were analyzed using the algorithms of the pattern recognition theory. The probability of wrong classification was used as a criterion for the recognition quality evaluation. This probability can be estimated experimentally by calculating the percentage of misclassifications, i.e., an error rate (Er). When the features were analyzed alone, the VT offered the lowest misclassification rate of 19.3% and 10.3% in the stimulus and normoxic periods, respectively. However, using the single features measured during the stimulus and recovery phases allowed to decrease the error rate more than 2-fold, achieving 4.3% for VT. The best results were obtained for both phases associated with single cycles of IH. Suitable feature selection procedures enabled reducing the global misclassification rate to 0.7%. In conclusion, the pattern recognition approach may potentially be useful for controlling the stimulus strength in intermittent hypoxic training.
Authors:
B Sokołowska; A Jóźwik
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society     Volume:  58 Suppl 5     ISSN:  0867-5910     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-21     Completed Date:  2008-04-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114501     Medline TA:  J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  657-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Respiratory Research, Medical Research Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland. sokolowskab@cmdik.pan.pl
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algorithms
Animals
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Pattern Recognition, Automated
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Rabbits
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology
Tidal Volume / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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