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Distinction between two populations of islet-1-positive cells in hearts of different murine strains.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20942609     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Islet-1 expression identifies populations of progenitor cells in embryonic, fetal, and newborn murine hearts that are able to give rise to all cardiac cell lineages ex vivo and in vivo. Using systematic immunohistochemistry, we investigated whether islet-1-positive cells are present in adult mouse heart from the perspective of their potential therapeutic utility. The presence, localization, and nature of islet-1-positive cells were assessed in mice of different strains, ages, and conditions. Islet-1-positive cells were present in mouse heart from postnatal day 1 to young adulthood. Depending on the strain, these cells were organized in either 1 or 2 types of clusters localized to restricted areas, at a distance of 6%-35% of the heart length from the base. The first type of cluster was present in all strains and consisted of neural crest-derived cells that formed cardiac ganglia. The number of cells remained stable (a few hundred) from neonatal up to adult ages, and variations were noted between strains regarding their long-term persistency. The second type of cluster was essentially present in 129SvJ or Balb/C strains and absent from the other strains tested (C57BL/6J, C3H, SJL). It consisted of cells expressing highly ordered sarcomeric actin, consistent with their having cardiomyocyte identity. These cells disappeared in animals older than 4 months. Neither the number nor the type of islet-1-positive cells varied with time in a mouse model of dilated cardiomyopathy. Our studies demonstrate that islet-1-positive cells are relatively few in number in adult murine heart, being localized in restricted and rather inaccessible areas, and can represent both neural crest and cardiomyocyte lineages.
Authors:
Patricia Khattar; Felix W Friedrich; Gisèle Bonne; Lucie Carrier; Thomas Eschenhagen; Sylvia M Evans; Ketty Schwartz; Marc Y Fiszman; Jean-Thomas Vilquin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stem cells and development     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1557-8534     ISO Abbreviation:  Stem Cells Dev.     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101197107     Medline TA:  Stem Cells Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1043-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1 UPMC/AIM UMR S 974, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière , Paris, France .
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