Document Detail


Distinct clinical features in the recipients of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator in Taiwan: a multicenter registry study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14622308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Little information about the ICD is available from the Asian Pacific region. The purpose of this study was to characterize the clinical features in ICD patients in Taiwan and to compare these features with those in patients in the Western populations, mainly the Canadian Implantable Defibrillator Study (CIDS), the Antiarrhythmics versus Implantable Defibrillator (AVID) trial, and the Cardiac Arrest Study Hamburg (CASH) trial. From February 1995 to October 2001, 101 ICDs were implanted in 92 patients (78 [84%] men) in 12 hospitals. Clinical presentations included sudden cardiac death due to VF/VT in 35 (38%) patients, syncopal VT in 25 (27%), drug refractory nonsyncopal VT in 27 (29%), and unexplained syncope with inducible sustained VT/VF in 5 (6%). The mean age was significantly younger than that in CIDS or AVID (59 +/- 16 vs 63 +/- 9 years in CIDS, P = 0.02; vs 65 +/- 11 years in AVID, P < 0.001), but was comparable to that in CASH (59 +/- 16 vs 58 +/- 11 years in CASH, P = 0.75). The mean LVEF was significantly higher than that in CIDS or AVID (48 +/- 19% vs 34 +/- 15% in CIDS, P < 0.001; vs 32 +/- 13% in AVID, P < 0.001), but was comparable to that in CASH (48 +/- 19 vs 46 +/- 19% in CIDS, P = 0.83). The ICD patients in the current study also showed a higher incidence of normal heart (23 vs 4% in CIDS, P < 0.001; vs 3% in AVID, P < 0.001; vs 9% in CASH, P < 0.001) and cardiomyopathy (41% vs 10% in CIDS, P < 0.001; vs 15% in AVID, P < 0.001; vs 11% in CASH, P < 0.001), but a lower incidence of coronary artery disease (29% vs 83% in CIDS, P < 0.001; vs 82% in AVID, P < 0.001; vs 73% in CASH, P < 0.001). During a mean follow-up of 28 +/- 24 months, 13 (14%) patients died. Older age was the only factor associated with poorer survival after ICD implantation. Forty-seven (51%) patients received appropriate ICD discharges during follow-up. History of prior myocardial infarction was the only factor associated with an earlier first appropriate ICD discharge and LVEF < 0.35 the only factor associated with subsequent poorer survival after the first ICD discharge. In conclusion, this study demonstrated many distinct clinical features in our ICD population that were different from those in the Western populations.
Authors:
Chia-Ti Tsai; Shoei K Stephen Huang; Jiunn-Lee Lin; Ling-Ping Lai;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-19     Completed Date:  2004-03-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2083-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Chi-Square Distribution
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / etiology,  prevention & control*
Defibrillators, Implantable*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Proportional Hazards Models
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Registries
Survival Analysis
Tachycardia, Ventricular / mortality,  therapy*
Taiwan / epidemiology
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Fibrillation / mortality,  therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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