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Distal pouch reconstruction with transverse jejunoplasty after experimental gastrectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21755432     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Various reconstruction methods with or without reservoir formation after total gastrectomy have been established. Transverse intestinoplasty has benefits as a functional peristalsis modification in rectal resections. In this study, we evaluate a distal pouch combined with a transverse jejunoplasty compared to standard Roux-en-Y reconstruction. METHODS: Total gastrectomy was performed on 23 pigs randomly assigned to 3 reconstruction groups-group 1 (n = 7): esophagojejunostomy without a pouch, group 2 (n = 8): esophagojejunostomy with a distal pouch, and group 3 (n = 8): distal pouch with a transverse jejunoplasty. Seven days postoperatively, weight was measured, and X-ray examinations were conducted for 1 h after oral contrast medium application. Blood glucose levels after oral glucose intake and the volume of the pouch loop were evaluated. RESULTS: Upper jejunal passage was delayed and the mean volume of the jejunal loop increased by pouch formation compared to controls (p < 0.05). Body weight was the best for the pouch group with jejunoplasty (-1.9 ± 0.8% vs. pouch alone -3.3 ± 2.4% vs. no pouch -7.5 ± 2.1%, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The distal jejunal pouch after total gastrectomy offers advantages with respect to bowel passage and postoperative nutrition status compared to standard Roux-en-Y reconstruction. The combination of a distal pouch and transverse jejunoplasty may provide additional functional benefits.
Authors:
Thilo Hackert; Dmitriy I Dovzhanskiy; Stefan Tudor; Felix Heiser; Greta Bergmann; Hussein Soliman; Lutz Schneider; Jens Werner
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Langenbeck's archives of surgery / Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Chirurgie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1435-2451     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808285     Medline TA:  Langenbecks Arch Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany, thilo.hackert@med.uni-heidelberg.de.
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