Document Detail


Dissemination of an effective inpatient tobacco use cessation program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15804685     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study aimed to determine whether tobacco use cessation rates observed in controlled trials of a hospital-based tobacco use cessation program could be replicated when the program was disseminated to a wide range of hospitals in a two-stage process including implementation and institutionalization phases. Using a nonrandomized, observational design, we recruited six hospitals to participate in the study. The research team helped implement the program during the first year of participation (implementation) and then withdrew from active involvement during the second year (institutionalization). The mean 6-month self-reported cessation rates were 26.3% (range = 17.6%-52.8%) for the implementation phase and 22.7% (range = 12.9%-48.2%) for the institutionalization phase. Hospitals with paid professionals providing the program had the best outcomes. Inpatient tobacco use cessation programs are feasible to implement and should target a 6-month self-reported cessation rate of at least 25%.
Authors:
C Barr Taylor; Nancy Houston Miller; Rebecca P Cameron; Emily Wien Fagans; Smita Das
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-04     Completed Date:  2005-07-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry Stanford, University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5722, USA. btaylor@stanford.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
California / epidemiology
Chi-Square Distribution
Female
Health Plan Implementation / organization & administration*,  statistics & numerical data
Health Promotion / organization & administration*,  statistics & numerical data
Hospitals, General / organization & administration*
Humans
Inpatients / statistics & numerical data*
Male
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Program Evaluation
Smoking Cessation / methods*,  statistics & numerical data
Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology,  rehabilitation*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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