Document Detail


Disseminated coccidioidomycosis of the spine in an immunocompetent patient.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25136876     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Coccidioidomycosis infections result from inhalation of the dimorphic fungus Coccidiodes immitis. Coccidioidomycosis typically is benign, but its extremely rare disseminated form can result in significant morbidity and mortality. Dissemination of the fungus to the spine is difficult to control and usually requires an aggressive combination approach (surgical/medical). In this article, we report the case of a 27-year-old Indonesian man with vertebral osteomyelitis caused by disseminated coccidioidomycosis. We outline the case management (includes 30-month follow-up) and review the treatment recommendations. The patient presented with an unstable C5 pathologic fracture caused by C immitis. After corpectomy and stabilization of the cervical spine along with antifungal therapy with amphotericin B and oral fluconazole, he developed multiple complications. This case illustrates some of the potential pitfalls in managing spinal osteomyelitis caused by C immitis and the need for continuous medical therapy after surgical treatment.
Authors:
Hossein Elgafy; Jacob Miller; Stephanie Meyers; Ragheb Assaly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.)     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1934-3418     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J. Orthop.     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-08-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502918     Medline TA:  Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E181-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
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