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Disruption of Splenic Circulation Using Microbubble-Enhanced Ultrasound and Prothrombin: A Preliminary Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22929654     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The spleen is a solid organ in which splenomegaly frequently develops and to which abdominal blunt trauma occurs. In this study, we demonstrated the potential therapeutic effect of microbubble-enhanced ultrasound (MEUS) combined with prothrombin to disrupt splenic circulation. A high-pressure-amplitude therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) device was used to treat 36 surgically exposed spleens in healthy New Zealand rabbits. Eighteen spleens were treated with either MEUS (n = 9) or MEUS combined with prothrombin (n = 9). The other 18 spleens were treated with TUS only or sham ultrasound exposure and served as the controls. The TUS was operated at a frequency of 831 kHz and a peak negative pressure of 4.8 MPa. Prothrombin was administered intravenously at 20 IU/kg. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and acoustic quantification were performed to assess splenic blood perfusion. We found significant blood perfusion slowdown and drop-off in the MEUS-treated spleens. The peak intensity dropped from 20.2 ± 2.70 dB to 11.6 ± 4.58 dB immediately after treatment. The spleens treated with the combination of MEUS and prothrombin showed consistently poor perfusion within 1 h. In histologic examination of the MEUS-treated spleens, we found significant dilatation of splenic sinuses, hemorrhage, interstitial edema and thrombosis. This study demonstrated that the vascular effects induced by microbubble-enhanced, high-pressure ultrasound can slow down or block blood perfusion in the rabbit spleen. Prothrombin helps to enhance and extend the effects for up to 1 h.
Jianhua Liu; Shuyi Xiao; Shengzheng Wu; Wencai Ou; Jingguang He; Shunji Gao; Zheng Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in medicine & biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-291X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Med Biol     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410553     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Med Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Function, Guangzhou First Municipal People's Hospital, Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou, China.
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