Document Detail

Disposal of syringes, needles, and lancets used by diabetic patients in Pakistan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22541266     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the use, handling and disposal of insulin injection equipment by diabetic patients in Pakistan.
METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at diabetic clinics in five tertiary centers in Pakistan. All diabetic patients (type 1/type 2) who were on insulin for more than 1 month, were included. An Urdu (local language)-translated questionnaire was used to collect information on insulin administration equipment, the site and frequency of needle use, insulin syringe/pen/lancet disposal, sharing of needles and knowledge about diseases that are spread by sharing contaminated needles.
RESULTS: Of 375 patients, 58% were female. The mean (SD) duration of diabetes was 12.3 (7.3) years, and the duration of insulin use was 4.4 (4.3) years. The majority of the patients used syringes (88.3%) for insulin administration. Additionally, the majority of the patients disposed of used devices (syringes, 92%; pens, 75%; and lancets, 91%) in the household garbage collection bin. About half of the patients (n=185) reported being educated by their physicians about the disposal of sharps. Those who were educated by a physician (adjusted odds ratio (adjOR): 0.36; 95%CI: 0.16-0.81) or could read/write English (adjOR: 0.32; 95%CI: 0.11-0.92) were less likely to dispose of syringes and needles in the household garbage.
CONCLUSION: The common disposal of sharps in the household garbage has implications for disease transmission. Education on the safe disposal of sharps may improve the disposal practices.
Osama Ishtiaq; Asif Mehmood Qadri; Saeed Mehar; Ghulam Murtaza Gondal; Tahir Iqbal; Sobia Ali; Mati-Ur-Rahman; Naveed Zafar Janjua
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-03-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of infection and public health     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1876-035X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Infect Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101487384     Medline TA:  J Infect Public Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  182-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.
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