Document Detail


Disorders of water imbalance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15982544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Disorders of water imbalance manifest as hyponatremia and hypernatremia. To diagnose these disorders, emergency physicians must maintain a high index of suspicion, especially in the high-risk patient, because clinical presentations may be nonspecific. With severe water imbalance, inappropriate fluid resuscitation in the emergency department may have devastating neurological consequences. The rate of serum sodium concentration correction should be monitored closely to avoid osmotic demyelination syndrome in hyponatremic patients and cerebral edema in hypernatremic patients.
Authors:
Michelle Lin; Stephen J Liu; Ingrid T Lim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Emergency medicine clinics of North America     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0733-8627     ISO Abbreviation:  Emerg. Med. Clin. North Am.     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-28     Completed Date:  2005-08-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8219565     Medline TA:  Emerg Med Clin North Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  749-70, ix     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
San Francisco General Hospital Emergency Services, University of California San Francisco, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Suite 1E21, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA. milin@itsa.ucsf.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Body Water / metabolism,  physiology*
Emergency Service, Hospital
Fluid Therapy / adverse effects,  methods
Humans
Hypernatremia / classification*,  mortality,  therapy
Hyponatremia / classification,  diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Inappropriate ADH Syndrome / etiology*,  metabolism,  physiopathology
Infant
Osmolar Concentration

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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