Document Detail

Disorders of the central and autonomic nervous systems as a cause for emesis in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7582885     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vomiting in infants can be caused by a wide variety of neurological disorders. All involve stimulation of a central pattern generator for vomiting located in the brainstem, the nucleus tractus solitarius. This, in turn, projects to multiple motor nuclei involved in the vomiting reflex. The chemoreceptor trigger zone (the area postrema) in the floor of the fourth ventricle is a major afferent to the nucleus tractus solitarius that can be stimulated by pressure from hydrocephalus, closed head injuries, or tumors. Other neurological causes of vomiting discussed include migraine, epilepsy, and dysautonomia. The treatment of vomiting associated with nervous system disease may be very difficult unless the condition is acute and readily reversible.
D W Johns
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in pediatric surgery     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1055-8586     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-28     Completed Date:  1995-12-28     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9216162     Medline TA:  Semin Pediatr Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  152-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurology, Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center, Las Vegas, NV, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases / complications*,  diagnosis,  physiopathology
Brain Stem / physiopathology
Central Nervous System Diseases / complications*,  diagnosis,  physiopathology
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn
Motor Neurons / physiology
Neural Pathways / physiology
Reflex / physiology
Solitary Nucleus / physiopathology
Vomiting / etiology*,  physiopathology,  therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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