Document Detail

Disorder-to-order transition of an intrinsically disordered region of sortase revealed by multiscale enhanced sampling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22468560     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Molecular functions of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) or intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs), such as molecular recognition and cellular signaling, are ascribed to dynamic changes in the conformational space in response to binding of target molecules. Sortase, a transpeptitase in Gram-positive bacteria, has an IDR in a loop which undergoes a disordered-to-ordered transition (called "disordered loop"), accompanying a tilt of another loop ("dynamic loop"), upon binding of a signal peptide and a calcium ion. In this study, all-atom conformational ensembles of sortase were calculated for the four different binding states (with/without the peptide and with/without a calcium ion) by the multiscale-enhanced-sampling (MSES) simulation to examine how the binding of the peptide and/or calcium influences the conformational ensemble. The MSES is a multiscale and multicopy simulation method that allows an enhanced sampling of the all-atom model of large proteins including explicit solvent. A 100-ns MSES simulation of the ligand-free sortase using 20 replicas (in total 2 μs) demonstrated large flexibility in both the disordered and dynamic loops; however, their distributions were not random but had a clear preference which populates the N-terminal part of the disordered loop near the bound form. The MSES simulations of the three binding states clarified the allosteric mechanism of sortase: the N-terminal and C-terminal parts of the disordered loop undergo a disorder-to-order transition independently of each other upon binding of the peptide and a calcium ion, respectively; however, upon binding of both ligands, the two parts work cooperatively to stabilize the bound peptide.
Kei Moritsugu; Tohru Terada; Akinori Kidera
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Chemical Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5126     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503056     Medline TA:  J Am Chem Soc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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