Document Detail


Dislocation dynamics in multiwalled carbon nanotubes at high temperatures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18232998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dislocation dynamics dictate the mechanical behavior of materials. Dislocations in periodic crystalline materials have been well documented. On the contrary, dislocations in cylindrical carbon nanotubes, particularly in multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), remain almost unexplored. Here we report that a room temperature 1/2<0001> sessile dislocation in a MWCNT becomes highly mobile, as characterized by its glide, climb, and the glide-climb interactions, at temperatures of about 2000 degrees C. The dislocation glide leads to the cross-linking of different shells; dislocation climb creates nanocracks; and the interaction of two 1/2<0001> dislocations creates kinks. We found that dislocation loops act as channels for mass transport. These dislocation dynamics are drastically different from that in conventional periodic crystalline materials due to the cylindrical, highly anisotropic structures of MWCNTs.
Authors:
J Y Huang; F Ding; B I Yakobson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-01-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical review letters     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0031-9007     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys. Rev. Lett.     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-31     Completed Date:  2008-05-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401141     Medline TA:  Phys Rev Lett     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  035503     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA. jhuang@sandia.gov
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