Document Detail

Dislocation dynamics in multiwalled carbon nanotubes at high temperatures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18232998     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Dislocation dynamics dictate the mechanical behavior of materials. Dislocations in periodic crystalline materials have been well documented. On the contrary, dislocations in cylindrical carbon nanotubes, particularly in multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), remain almost unexplored. Here we report that a room temperature 1/2<0001> sessile dislocation in a MWCNT becomes highly mobile, as characterized by its glide, climb, and the glide-climb interactions, at temperatures of about 2000 degrees C. The dislocation glide leads to the cross-linking of different shells; dislocation climb creates nanocracks; and the interaction of two 1/2<0001> dislocations creates kinks. We found that dislocation loops act as channels for mass transport. These dislocation dynamics are drastically different from that in conventional periodic crystalline materials due to the cylindrical, highly anisotropic structures of MWCNTs.
J Y Huang; F Ding; B I Yakobson
Related Documents :
25192088 - Qcd phase transition with chiral quarks and physical quark masses.
19844248 - The fgf23-klotho axis: endocrine regulation of phosphate homeostasis.
22945258 - Bending membranes.
23299738 - Assembly of bacterial outer membrane proteins.
10219568 - A plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi high molecular mass glycoprotein translocated to the hos...
5001388 - The effect of different ionic levels on the electrical response of toad skin to noradre...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-01-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical review letters     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0031-9007     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys. Rev. Lett.     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-31     Completed Date:  2008-05-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401141     Medline TA:  Phys Rev Lett     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  035503     Citation Subset:  -    
Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87185, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Sound velocity and absorption measurements under high pressure using picosecond ultrasonics in a dia...
Next Document:  Transport properties of saturated and unsaturated porous fractal materials.