Document Detail

Disinhibition of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus increases mean circulatory filling pressure in conscious rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9187320     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Venous capacitance plays an important role in the control of cardiac output. However, the central nervous system sites and neurochemical signals involved in modulating venous function remain to be fully elucidated. The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is an important site modulating autonomic outflow to the cardiovascular system. The present study tested the hypothesis that removal of tonic GABAergic tone in the PVN would increase peripheral venous tone. Mean circulatory filling pressure was used as an index of venous tone. Arterial pressure, venous pressure, heart rate, and mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP) were monitored in conscious male Sprague Dawley rats. The rats were challenged with microinjections of bicuculline methiodide (BMI) (25 ng) or vehicle (artificial cerebrospinal fluid) into the PVN. In one group of rats, BMI injections were performed before and after ganglionic blockade with chlorisondamine hydrochloride (10 mg/kg) and atropine (0.4 mg/kg) given subcutaneously. In a second group, BMI injections were performed in chlorisondamine-treated rats whose blood pressure had been returned to control with an infusion of norepinephrine. Injection of bicuculline into the PVN increased MAP (14 +/- 2 to 18 +/- 2 mmHg) and HR (49 +/- 12 to 74 +/- 14 bpm). MCFP also increased significantly by 1.00 +/- 0.17 to 1.39 +/- 0.18 mmHg, indicating an increase in the driving pressure for venous return. Injection of the vehicle did not affect these variables. In both groups, ganglionic blockade significantly attenuated the bicuculline-induced increases in MAP, HR and MCFP. These data indicate that sympathetic drive from the PVN to the venous system is under tonic GABAergic control.
D S Martin; M C Rodrigo; M C Egland; L U Barnes
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  756     ISSN:  0006-8993     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res.     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-15     Completed Date:  1997-08-15     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, University of South Dakota, Vermillion 57069, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Autonomic Nerve Block
Bicuculline / analogs & derivatives,  pharmacology
Blood Circulation* / drug effects
Blood Pressure* / drug effects
Heart Rate
Neural Inhibition / physiology*
Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus / blood supply*,  physiology*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Grant Support
47407//PHS HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
40709-69-1/bicuculline methiodide; 485-49-4/Bicuculline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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