Document Detail

Disease patterns in the Detroit Zoo: a study of the avian population from 1973 through 1983.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3878351     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate disease patterns in birds at the Detroit Zoo from 1973 through 1983. Data were derived from the zoo's medical and animal census records; the mean (+/- SD) population of birds during the study period was 469 +/- 42. Overall annual morbidity rates were 12.5% to 21.5%, with spring months having the highest morbidity rates. Annual mortality rates were 3.1% to 15.2%; 23.9% of the deaths were caused by microbial agents (particularly Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, hemolytic Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp, Aeromonas spp and Proteus spp), 15.4% by trauma, and 42.5% by nondetermined causes. The mute swan (Cygnus olor), mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos), common gallinule (Gallinula chloropus), common rhea (Rhea americana), and red-billed hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus) were the 5 species most frequently affected of the 1,032 deaths from 1973 through 1983. The most frequently isolated parasites were Microtetramere spp, coccidian species, Diplotriaena spp, and Trichomonia spp.
J B Kaneene; R F Taylor; J G Sikarskie; T J Meyer; N A Richter
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Volume:  187     ISSN:  0003-1488     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.     Publication Date:  1985 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-01-31     Completed Date:  1986-01-31     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503067     Medline TA:  J Am Vet Med Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1129-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Zoo*
Bird Diseases / mortality*
Cross-Sectional Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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