Document Detail

Disease of the left ventricle in pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. The limiting factor for long-lasting successful surgical intervention?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8028353     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Eight hearts with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum were studied grossly and microscopically. The right ventricle was composed of inlet, infundibular, and trabecular portions in two hearts, without trabecular portions in three hearts, and consisted of an inlet part only in another three hearts. Pulmonary atresia was classified as membranous in two hearts; the other six hearts had muscular atresia. The left ventricle showed a range of abnormalities, albeit mostly discrete. A mitral valve with short tendinous chords was present in four hearts; one of these had a cleft mitral valve. All hearts (except the heart of a 1-day-old neonate) had a prominent subaortic septal bulge. All hearts had left ventricular hypertrophy, which exceeded twice the standard deviation of normal in two patients. None of the hearts had histologic features of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The density of intramyocardial coronary arteries was normal in each patient, but medial thickening (20 to 100 microns diameter arteries) had occurred in four patients. Signs of acute myocardial ischemia (hydropic cell swelling) were present in all; one heart (the oldest case of 6 months) contained areas of replacement fibrosis and calcifications indicative of previous infarction. Quantification of the volume density of endomysial (interfiber) collagen (Picrosirius red microspectrophotometry) showed high levels in all, within the range of normal in five patients, but exceeding twice the standard deviation of normal in three patients. In all cases the values obtained in the subendocardial layers were higher than those obtained subepicardially. The observations show that the left ventricle in hearts with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum contains abnormalities that may render the left ventricle less capable to cope with a volume load. The high values of endomysial (interfiber) collagen suggest chronic ischemia in relation to left ventricular hypertrophy as the main mechanism involved. Therefore, as a late consequence, the left ventricle could be the limiting factor for long-lasting successful surgical intervention.
T Akiba; A E Becker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0022-5223     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  1994 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-08-09     Completed Date:  1994-08-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Cardiovascular Pathology, University of Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Coronary Vessels / pathology
Heart Defects, Congenital / pathology*,  surgery
Heart Septum / pathology
Heart Ventricles / abnormalities
Infant, Newborn
Myocardium / pathology
Pulmonary Valve / abnormalities*

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