Document Detail


Discriminating schizophrenics from borderline patients: study with the Holtzman Inkblot technique.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1754654     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study tried to discriminate acute (n = 25) and chronic schizophrenics (n = 25) from borderline patients (BLP; n = 30) on the basis of deviant verbalizations as assessed by the Holtzman Inkblot Technique (HIT). A 30-card version of the HIT was used. It was possible to separate BLPs and schizophrenics with quite good results: 77% of the BLPs, 80% of the acute schizophrenics and 92% of the chronic schizophrenics could be classified correctly based on the less severe deviant verbalizations (DVs) which were more frequent in the BLPs and based on the most severe forms of DVs, i.e. Incoherence, neologism and Perseveration (which were more frequent in the schizophrenic patients). Furthermore, it could be demonstrated that BLPs can be separated from neurotics using the 30-card version of the HIT, the resulting scores being nearly as high as those on the basis of the 45-card version. In another comparison, neurotics (n = 30) were discriminated from normals (n = 35) using the less severe DVs, which were more frequent in the neurotics: here, 74% of the normals and 73% of the neurotics could be classified correctly.
Authors:
F Leichsenring
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychopathology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0254-4962     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychopathology     Publication Date:  1991  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-01-29     Completed Date:  1992-01-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8401537     Medline TA:  Psychopathology     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Abteilung Klinische Gruppenpsychotherapie, Universität Göttingen, BRD.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease
Adult
Borderline Personality Disorder / diagnosis*,  psychology*
Chronic Disease
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Holtzman Inkblot Test* / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Neurotic Disorders / diagnosis,  psychology
Psychometrics
Schizophrenia / diagnosis*
Schizophrenic Language
Schizophrenic Psychology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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