Document Detail

Discrepancies in aortic growth explain aortic arch gradients during exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8450148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the incidence and etiology of hypertension and aortic arch gradients during exercise in patients who have apparent good coarctation repair assessed at rest. BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of recurrent aortic arch obstruction (rest gradient > 20 mm Hg) after previous successful surgical repair varies from 0% to 60% and usually is associated with recurrent stenosis at the site of surgical repair. METHODS: Maximal treadmill exercise with Doppler echocardiographic gradient estimation was performed in 28 patients with a good coarctation repair at rest (normal blood pressure and arch gradient < 20 mm Hg) who had isolated coarctation repair a mean of 7.8 years previously. RESULTS: Eight (29%) developed systolic hypertension for age and a mean Doppler gradient of 45 +/- 13 mm Hg. At cardiac catheterization, the rest peak to peak systolic gradient (6 +/- 6 to 28 +/- 7 mm Hg, p < 0.001), peak systolic instantaneous gradient (16 +/- 11 to 48 +/- 9 mm Hg, p < 0.01) and cardiac index (3.5 +/- 0.7 to 5.9 +/- 1.1 liters/m per m2, p < 0.001) all increased during isoproterenol infusion. Angiographic systolic aortic arch measurements proximal to the innominate artery, left common carotid artery, left subclavian artery and the narrowest dimension at the coarctation repair site demonstrated hypoplasia at the left common carotid artery (11.8 +/- 1.7 vs. 16.7 +/- 2.9 mm/m2, p < 0.01) and left subclavian artery (11.6 +/- 1.7 vs. 15.4 +/- 3.1 mm/m2, p < 0.05) compared with findings in 10 patients with normal aortograms. Transverse aortic arch ratios were also smaller in the eight patients with abnormal findings. Preoperative angiographic ratios were not predictive of late postoperative findings. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise testing detects hypertension and arch gradients in patients with a good coarctation repair as assessed at rest. The hypertension and arch "obstruction" appear to be related to discrepancies in the growth of the transverse aortic arch proximal to the repair site, rather than a "recoarctation" of the aorta.
H S Weber; S E Cyran; M Grzeszczak; J L Myers; M M Gleason; B G Baylen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1993 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-04-15     Completed Date:  1993-04-15     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1002-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Section of Pediatrics (Cardiology) and Surgery (Cardiothoracic), Pennsylvania State University, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey 17033.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Aorta / ultrasonography
Aorta, Thoracic / anatomy & histology,  growth & development,  physiology*
Aortic Coarctation / complications,  surgery*
Blood Pressure*
Echocardiography, Doppler
Exercise Test
Follow-Up Studies
Hypertension / epidemiology,  etiology,  physiopathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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