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Discovery of the Potential of Minimum Mass for Platinum Electrodes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21401076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Electrochemical quartz-crystal nanobalance (EQCN) analysis of the behavior of Pt in aqueous H(2)SO(4) reveals that the interfacial mass reaches a minimum, the potential of minimum mass (E(pmm)), at 0.045 V. A similar behavior is observed for Pt in aqueous HClO(4) and NaOH. E(pmm) is a new parameter describing the electrochemical interface. The value of E(pmm) coincides with the completion of the saturation layer of electroadsorbed H (H(UPD)) and the commencement of H(2)(g) generation or H(2)(g) electro-oxidation. The value of E(pmm) and the structure of the Pt/electrolyte interface are discussed in terms of the interactions of the anions H(3)O(+), H(UPD), H(OPD), and H(2)O with Pt. The layer of H(UPD) embedded in the Pt surface lattice minimizes the surface dipole-water dipole and surface charge-water dipole interactions, thus reduces the wetting ability of Pt. Consequently, the discharge of H(3)O(+) in the electrolytic formation of H(2)(g) or the dissociative adsorption of H(2)(g) that precedes its electro-oxidation to H(3)O(+) proceed easily on Pt, because the species do not have to displace H(2)O molecules. Effective and inexpensive non-platinum electrocatalysts for the electrolytic H(2)(g) generation in water electrolyzers or H(2)(g) electro-oxidation in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells should mimic the interfacial behavior of Pt by minimizing the interaction of H(2)O molecules with the electrode.
Authors:
Gregory Jerkiewicz; Gholamreza Vatankhah; Shin-Ichi Tanaka; Jean Lessard
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5827     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882736     Medline TA:  Langmuir     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Queen's University , 90 Bader Lane, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada.
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