Document Detail

Discarded human spermatozoa, eggs and embryos for personnel training and practice in assisted reproduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18088514     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An ethical issue that has been largely overlooked is the use of discarded human gametes and embryos for personnel training in clinical assisted reproduction technology, e.g. intracytoplasmic sperm injection and preimplantation genetic diagnosis. Unlike experimental research for generating peer-reviewed journal publications and intellectual property, there is no similar paper trail or smoking gun if human gametes and embryos are utilized solely for personnel training without the patient's knowledge and consent. For many assisted reproduction laboratories in private practice that are not affiliated with research or academic institutions, there are often difficulties in procuring animal material for personnel training. In contrast, discarded human gametes and embryos are readily available and can be convenient for training inexperienced personnel in assisted reproduction techniques. Very often, only verbal consent is obtained from patients, without written documentation, and this situation can potentially lead to abuse. For example, fertility clinics and laboratories may conduct training courses and workshops for generating additional income and revenue; and there is a possibility of discarded human material being utilized for such profit-making ventures without patients' prior knowledge. Hence, it is the moral duty and obligation of international professional bodies to advocate and draft clearly defined regulatory guidelines and legislative framework for this purpose.
Boon Chin Heng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproductive biomedicine online     Volume:  15 Suppl 2     ISSN:  1472-6483     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Biomed. Online     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-19     Completed Date:  2008-01-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101122473     Medline TA:  Reprod Biomed Online     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
National University of Singapore, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, 119074 Singapore.
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MeSH Terms
Clinical Competence
Embryo Disposition
Embryo, Mammalian
Informed Consent
Reproductive Medicine / education*,  ethics
Reproductive Techniques, Assisted*
Tissue and Organ Procurement / ethics*

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