Document Detail

Disagreement of energy and macronutrient intakes estimated from a food frequency questionnaire and 3-day diet record in girls 4 to 9 years of age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14993859     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The Block98 food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) has been validated for dietary assessment of usual intakes in adults, but not in children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement of the Block98 FFQ and 3-day diet records for measuring dietary intakes in young girls. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Healthy 4- to 9-year-old girls (N=61; 6.5+/-1.6 years) were recruited from the Athens/Clarke county area in Georgia. DESIGN: Dietary intakes were measured using the Block98 FFQ and 3-day diet records, with nutrient analysis of the 3-day diet records conducted using the Food Processor computer program (ESHA; version 7.21, 1998, ESHA Research, Salem, OR). The Block98 FFQ was completed by a trained interviewer and parent, with input from the child, if able. Food models and portion size pictures were used to increase reporting accuracy. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Paired sample t tests and simple regression were conducted to determine whether the two diet instruments reported similar values for energy and macronutrients. RESULTS: Block98 FFQ overestimated intakes from 3-day diet records for energy (2,180+/-692 vs 1,749+/-328 kcal), protein (68.3+/-25.9 vs 57.9+/-14.8 g/day), carbohydrate (298.7+/-97.0 vs 244.7+/-46.1 g/day) and fat (83.6+/-30.5 vs 62.3+/-14.7 g/day) (P<.05). Furthermore, the nutrients assessed using the two different methods were only moderately correlated (range: r=0.40 to 0.55). APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: The Block98 FFQ agreed weakly to moderately with the 3-day diet records, and resulted in consistently higher intakes of all nutrients. These findings suggest that additional work is needed to develop a FFQ that reflects young children's energy and macronutrient intakes.
Alissa M R Wilson; Richard D Lewis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  104     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-02     Completed Date:  2004-04-13     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  373-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Research and Development, Campbell Soup Company, Campbell Place, Box 48K, Camden, NJ 08103-1799, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child Welfare
Child, Preschool
Diet Records*
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Energy Intake*
Questionnaires / standards*
Reproducibility of Results
Grant Support
1R01 HD 25592-01A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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