Document Detail


Disabling postural hypotension complicating diabetic autonomic neuropathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1837515     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A 35-year-old Type 1 diabetic man with severe disabling postural hypotension was studied for physiological abnormalities, precipitating factors, and effect of current treatment. A 24-h blood pressure profile indicated a diurnal variation in systolic blood pressure with the lowest values recorded between 0100 and 0600 h, during which the patient often lost consciousness on standing (mean standing systolic pressure 78 mmHg at night vs 105 mmHg in the afternoon, p less than 0.001). Food induced a profound fall in systolic pressure, both while supine and while standing erect. The systolic pressure fall during euglycaemia was 49 mmHg vs 3 mmHg during hypoglycaemia. Plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline levels were low during euglycaemia, but increased during hypoglycaemia. Therapeutic manoeuvres aimed at increasing heart rate (by atrial tachypacing) and reducing the peripheral pooling of blood (vasoconstricting drugs and gravity suit), together with the somatostatin analogue octreotide, proved ineffective. These observations demonstrate the phenomenon of post-prandial exacerbation of postural hypotension in a Type 1 diabetic patient, and indicate that despite failure of conventional methods of treatment, hypoglycaemia increased plasma catecholamines and was effective in abolishing the blood pressure fall on standing.
Authors:
M J Stevens; M E Edmonds; C J Mathias; P J Watkins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0742-3071     ISO Abbreviation:  Diabet. Med.     Publication Date:  1991 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-02-24     Completed Date:  1992-02-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500858     Medline TA:  Diabet Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  870-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Diabetes, Kings College Hospital, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Blood Pressure
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology*
Diabetic Neuropathies / complications,  physiopathology*
Eating
Epinephrine / blood
Humans
Hypotension, Orthostatic / complications,  physiopathology*
Male
Norepinephrine / blood
Supine Position
Systole
Valsalva Maneuver
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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