Document Detail

Directional migration of neuronal PC12 cells in a ratchet wheel shaped microchamber.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19577197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Directional migration of neuronal cells over long distances is critical for the developing and regenerating nervous system. A scaffold, which includes radial glia, provides a route between the germinal zone and the destination, with the direction of migration being attributed mainly to chemotaxis. However, the decrease in chemokine concentration with distance complicates cell guidance control over long distances. Our working hypothesis is that neuronal cells migrate directionally on an anisotropic and periodic scaffold. We tested this in a model involving neuronal PC12 cells cultured in a ratchet wheel-shaped microchamber. The microchamber was constructed by printing a patterned, thin film of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), to which the cells adhere weakly, onto a collagen-coated dish, to which the cells adhere strongly, using a microcontact printing technique. The cells can attach, extend neurites, and migrate on the anisotropic and periodic collagen-coated area between the ratchet wheel-shaped outer frame and round inner frame of the PDMS. We found that the microchamber geometry affected the direction of migration, even though the mean length of the longest neurite was independent of microchamber geometry. The time-course trace of cell body migration and neurite tips showed that the neurite tips remained around the tips of the ratchet teeth. These results suggested that neuronal cells migrate directionally on a scaffold, even in the absence of chemokine, and reveal a new conceptual framework for neuronal migration.
Kiyoshi Ohnuma; Taro Toyota; Takashi Ariizumi; Tadashi Sugawara; Makoto Asashima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of bioscience and bioengineering     Volume:  108     ISSN:  1347-4421     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biosci. Bioeng.     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-06     Completed Date:  2009-11-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888800     Medline TA:  J Biosci Bioeng     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  76-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Life Sciences (Biology), Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Movement*
Microscopy, Atomic Force
Neurons / cytology*
PC12 Cells

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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