Document Detail

Direct sibling contact and bacterial colonization in newborns.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3903079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A two-phase, experimental study tested the hypothesis that no significant association exists between direct sibling contact and the bacterial colonization rates of neonates during their initial hospital stay. In Phase I, 44 infants were randomly assigned to experimental (N = 23) and control (N = 21) groups. Infants in the experimental group had direct contact with an older sibling who had been screened for communicable diseases; infants in the control group did not. The dependent variable, bacterial colonization, was measured using cultures of nasal and umbilical swabs of all neonates in the study. Swabs were taken at admission and discharge. In Phase II, the same procedures were followed except that swabs were taken from the neonates (N = 33 in each group) at admission, before the sibling contact, and at discharge. Analysis of the data using the standard error of the difference between proportions showed no significant differences in the proportion of infants colonized by staphylococcal and streptococcal organisms. Thus, bacterial colonization rates and older sibling contact were not associated. Implications for care and further research are discussed.
M D Kowba; P M Schwirian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    1985 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-12-03     Completed Date:  1985-12-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  412-7     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
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MeSH Terms
Bacteriological Techniques
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn*
Nose / microbiology*
Random Allocation
Umbilical Cord / microbiology*
Visitors to Patients*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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