Document Detail

Direct sibling contact and bacterial colonization in newborns.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3903079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A two-phase, experimental study tested the hypothesis that no significant association exists between direct sibling contact and the bacterial colonization rates of neonates during their initial hospital stay. In Phase I, 44 infants were randomly assigned to experimental (N = 23) and control (N = 21) groups. Infants in the experimental group had direct contact with an older sibling who had been screened for communicable diseases; infants in the control group did not. The dependent variable, bacterial colonization, was measured using cultures of nasal and umbilical swabs of all neonates in the study. Swabs were taken at admission and discharge. In Phase II, the same procedures were followed except that swabs were taken from the neonates (N = 33 in each group) at admission, before the sibling contact, and at discharge. Analysis of the data using the standard error of the difference between proportions showed no significant differences in the proportion of infants colonized by staphylococcal and streptococcal organisms. Thus, bacterial colonization rates and older sibling contact were not associated. Implications for care and further research are discussed.
M D Kowba; P M Schwirian
Related Documents :
14632339 - Reduction in multiresistant nosocomial infections in neonates following substitution of...
10519349 - Neonatal group b streptococcal bacteraemia in india: ten years' experience.
7986899 - Effects of recent sexual activity and use of a diaphragm on the vaginal microflora.
15545829 - Impact of the indigenous flora in animal models of shock and sepsis.
10093419 - Neonatal sepsis in hospital born babies.
22252109 - Cost analysis of neonatal and pediatric parenteral nutrition in europe: a multi-country...
870299 - The effects of maternal drug dependence on neonatal mortality.
21338469 - Post-partum weight change patterns in the who multicentre growth reference study.
19916879 - Influence of the maternal birth status on offspring: a systematic review and meta-analy...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    1985 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-12-03     Completed Date:  1985-12-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  412-7     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Bacteriological Techniques
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn*
Nose / microbiology*
Random Allocation
Umbilical Cord / microbiology*
Visitors to Patients*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  What's new in pregnancy tests.
Next Document:  Osteoinduction in rhesus monkeys using demineralized bone powder allografts.