Document Detail


Direct and maternal genetic effects due to the introduction of Bos taurus alleles into Brahman cattle in Florida: II. Preweaning growth traits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2312424     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Records of birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW) and condition score (CS) from 1,467 Brahman and Brahman X Angus crossbred calves from Brahman and crossbred Brahman sires and Brahman, crossbred Brahman and Angus dams were collected at the Subtropical Agricultural Research Station, Brooksville, Florida, from 1971 to 1982. Best linear unbiased estimates (BLUE) of Brahman sire and dam group additive genetic effects (as deviations from Angus) and Brahman X Angus dam and calf group nonadditive (intralocus) genetic effects (as deviations from intralocus group genetic effects in the parental breeds) were obtained. Linear combinations of these were used to compute direct and maternal Brahman additive and Brahman X Angus nonadditive (intralocus) group genetic effects. The respective BLUE of these four effects were 5.99 +/- 2.08, -5.70 +/- 1.91, .52 +/- 1.81 and 2.85 +/- .72 kg for BW; 9.60 +/- 10.29, 8.76 +/- 9.47, 9.47 +/- 8.96 and 20.95 +/- 3.56 kg for WW; and -1.10 +/- .55, 1.64 +/- .50, 1.47 +/- .47 and .05 +/- .19 units for CS. Linear combinations of the BLUE of sire, dam and calf group genetic effects can be used to predict the genetic worth of crossbred groups composed of any combination of Brahman and Angus breeding. Nonadditive maternal group genetic effects were the most important factor for BW and WW, whereas nonadditive direct group genetic effects were the most important for CS.
Authors:
M A Elzo; T A Olson; W T Butts; M Koger; E L Adams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1990 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-04-19     Completed Date:  1990-04-19     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  324-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Anim. Sci. Dept., Univ. of Florida, Brooksville 33512.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alleles*
Animals
Animals, Suckling / genetics,  growth & development*
Birth Weight / genetics
Body Weight / genetics
Cattle / genetics*,  growth & development
Crosses, Genetic*
Female
Florida
Least-Squares Analysis
Male
Probability
Weaning

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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