Document Detail

Direct electrochemistry of alcohol oxidase using multiwalled carbon nanotube as electroactive matrix for biosensor application.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23000393     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Rapid detection of alcohol is important in clinical diagnosis and fermentation industry. An octameric alcohol oxidase (AOx) (Mr 675kDa) from Pichia pastoris, immobilized on multiwalled carbon nanotubes-Nafion® (MWCNT-Nf) matrix and encapsulated with polyethylenimine (PEI) on gold electrode (AuE), showed a redox peak at 0.21V (vs. Ag/AgCl electrode at pH 7.5) for oxidation of alcohol. The electron transfer rate constant and surface coverage of the immobilized AOx were 1.69±0.15s(-1) and 2.43×10(-12)molcm(-2), respectively. Studies on response and kinetics of Au-MWCNT-Nf-AOx-PEI bioelectrodes for alcohol showed a linear response in the range of 8μM-42μM, response time of 55s for steady state current, and detection limit of 5μM. The bioelectrode retains ~90% of the original response even after four weeks when stored in potassium phosphate buffer pH 7.5 at 4°C. The fabricated bioelectrode was found to exclude interference caused by the common electroactive species such as ascorbic acid, uric acid, lactic acid, glucose and urea. The bioelectrode also showed reliable response characteristics in blood serum samples. The findings of the investigation have established the direct electrochemistry of the AOx protein and its potential biosensor application for quantitative detection of alcohol in blood serum.
Madhuri Das; Pranab Goswami
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands)     Volume:  89C     ISSN:  1878-562X     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioelectrochemistry     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100953583     Medline TA:  Bioelectrochemistry     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  19-25     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Center for Energy, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati 781039, Assam, India.
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