Document Detail

Direct effects of adipokines on the heart: focus on adiponectin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22893246     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Cardiovascular disease, including heart failure, is a principal cause of death in individuals with obesity and diabetes. However, the mechanisms of obesity- and diabetes-induced heart disease are multifaceted and remain to be clearly defined. Of relevance to this review, there is currently great research and clinical interest in the endocrine effects of adipokines on the myocardium and their role in heart failure. We will discuss the potential significance of adipokines in the pathogenesis of heart failure via their ability to regulate remodeling events including metabolism, hypertrophy, fibrosis, and cell death. As an excellent example, we will first focus on adiponectin which is best known to confer numerous cardioprotective effects. However, we comprehensively discuss the existing literature that highlights it would be naive to assume that this was always the case. We also focus on lipocalin-2 which mediates pro-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic effects. It is important when studying actions of adipokines to integrate cellular and mechanistic analyses and translate these to physiologically relevant in vivo models and clinical studies. However, assimilating studies on numerous cardiac remodeling events which ultimately dictate cardiac dysfunction into a unifying conclusion is challenging. Nevertheless, there is undoubted potential for the use of adipokines as robust biomarkers and appropriate therapeutic targets in heart failure.
Min Park; Gary Sweeney
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart failure reviews     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Fail Rev     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612481     Medline TA:  Heart Fail Rev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Biology, York University, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada.
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