Document Detail

Dipyridamole echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10149877     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intravenous dipyridamole is a potent coronary vasodilator that has been extensively investigated over the past several years in the noninvasive assessment of patients with suspected coronary artery disease when exercise cannot be performed or is suboptimal. As an alternative to exercise studies, dipyridamole has been used in combination with different cardiac imaging techniques such as echocardiography, thallium scintigraphy, and radionuclide ventriculography. Extensive experience has been obtained with dipyridamole thallium-201 imaging for coronary artery disease screening, risk stratification, and prognosis after an acute coronary event. However, experience with the use of dipyridamole in combination with two-dimensional echocardiography has been limited. Dipyridamole increases coronary blood flow in nondiseased coronary vessels relative to coronary vessels with significant luminal narrowings. These provide the basis for detecting regional differences in flow by using different cardiac imaging techniques. Two-dimensional echocardiography would show regional wall-motion abnormalities in response to those regional differences in coronary blood flow. In this article, the most commonly used protocols, safety, and practicability of dipyridamole echocardiography are reviewed. As an alternative to exercise, dipyridamole echocardiography shares all the indications of a standard exercise test. Clinical applications of dipyridamole echocardiography include coronary artery disease screening, suspected coronary artery spasm, postmyocardial infarction risk stratification, evaluation of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty results, and prognosis following an acute coronary event. Compared to conventional (ECG) exercise testing, dipyridamole echocardiography appears to be equally sensitive but more specific. Compared to atrial pacing, dipyridamole provokes ischemia at a lower rate pressure product and results in a greater ST segment depression suggesting that dipyridamole induces more profound myocardial ischemia than atrial pacing. Dipyridamole thallium and exercise thallium have shown to be equally sensitive and specific in the assessment of coronary artery disease. High dose dipyridamole echocardiography appeared to be equally sensitive and more specific. Experimental studies have demonstrated that dobutamine appears to be a more powerful pharmacological agent in inducing wall-motion abnormalities. Dipyridamole echocardiography as compared to stress echocardiography offers the advantage of obtaining better quality postintervention images. With regard to sensitivity and for coronary artery disease diagnosis, both techniques appear to render similar results. Although further studies are needed, the available data indicates that cardiac ultrasound imaging prior to and following the intravenous administration of dipyridamole may be an attractive alternative to thallium perfusion imaging in the clinical setting, particularly when radionuclide capabilities are not present.
R Castello; A J Labovitz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0742-2822     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  1992 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-08-27     Completed Date:  1992-08-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-28     Citation Subset:  T    
Department of Internal Medicine, St. Louis University Medical Center, Missouri.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary
Coronary Disease / physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Dipyridamole / adverse effects,  diagnostic use*
Echocardiography / methods*
Exercise Test
Sensitivity and Specificity
Reg. No./Substance:

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