Document Detail

Dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCDD/Fs and PCBs) in food from farms close to foot and mouth disease animal pyres.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15798806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To control the outbreak of foot and mouth disease, which occurred in the UK in early 2001, a large number of farm animals were slaughtered. Where it was not possible to render or landfill the carcasses, they were destroyed by burning on open pyres, with wood, coal and other materials. Uncontrolled combustion such as this is known to produce small quantities of dioxins and an investigation was made into whether, as a result of the burning, there was an elevation in the concentrations of these compounds in food produced in the areas close to the pyres. With few exceptions, concentrations of PCDD/Fs and PCBs were within the expected ranges as predicted by reference data. No accumulation over time was evident from a repeat milk sampling exercise. Where elevated concentrations of PCDD/Fs and PCBs were found in chickens and eggs, they were in samples not destined for the food chain. Elevated levels in some samples of milk from Dumfries and Galloway were not found in earlier or later samples and may have been found as a result of a temporary feeding regime. Elevated concentrations in lamb from Carmarthenshire were from very young animals which would not have entered the food chain. There was no evidence of any significant increase in dietary exposure to PCDD/Fs and PCBs as a result of the FMD pyres.
Martin Rose; Nigel Harrison; Andrew Greaves; Alan Dowding; Selwyn Runacres; Martin Gem; Alwyn Fernandes; Shaun White; Martin Duff; Claire Costley; Irene Leon; R Steve Petch; Joe Holland; Alex Chapman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-03-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1464-0325     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Monit     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-30     Completed Date:  2005-08-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100968688     Medline TA:  J Environ Monit     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  378-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York, UK YO41 1LZ.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed
Dioxins / analysis*
Environmental Pollutants / analysis*
Food Chain*
Food Contamination*
Foot-and-Mouth Disease / complications*,  transmission
Great Britain
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis*
Refuse Disposal
Risk Assessment
Soil Pollutants / analysis,  toxicity
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dioxins; 0/Environmental Pollutants; 0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 0/Soil Pollutants

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