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Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(v) ) changed the expressions of proliferative related factors and secretion of inflammatory cytokines in rat bladder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24832369     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V) ), the major urinary metabolite of inorganic arsenic, is a urinary bladder carcinogen and bladder tumor promoter in adult rats. Increased urothelial cellular proliferation has been considered as an earlier phenotype in DMA(V) -induced bladder carcinogenesis. The present study examined the ultrastructural changes of bladder epithelial cells and expressions of proliferation factors, as well as the secretion of inflammatory cytokines in rats exposed to DMA(V) for 10 weeks by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), qRT-PCR, immunohistochemical staining and ELISA methods. The results showed that DMA(V) administered in the drinking water produced urothelial cytotoxicity and ultrastructural changes in rats. PCNA, cyclin D1 and COX-2 mRNA expressions and immunoreactivities were elevated in bladder urothelium. In addition, 200 ppm DMA(V) treatment increased the transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) secretion and decreased tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-α level in the urine of rats. These data suggest that chronic inflammation, bladder epithelium lesions and proliferation might be the basic process of the chronic toxicity effects in DMA(V) -treated rats. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Zhang Lin; Liu Shengnan; Wang Fei; Song Yingli; Sun Qingshan; Sheng Wei; Xi Shuhua; Sun Guifan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied toxicology : JAT     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1099-1263     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Toxicol     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8109495     Medline TA:  J Appl Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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