Document Detail


Dim Nighttime Illumination Interacts With Parametric Effects of Bright Light to Increase the Stability of Circadian Rhythm Bifurcation in Hamsters.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21797777     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The endogenous circadian pacemaker of mammals is synchronized to the environmental day by the ambient cycle of relative light and dark. The present studies assessed the actions of light in a novel circadian entrainment paradigm where activity rhythms are bifurcated following exposure to a 24-h light:dark:light:dark (LDLD) cycle. Bifurcated entrainment under LDLD reflects the temporal dissociation of component oscillators that comprise the circadian system and is facilitated when daily scotophases are dimly lit rather than completely dark. Although bifurcation can be stably maintained in LDLD, it is quickly reversed under constant conditions. Here the authors examine whether dim scotophase illumination acts to maintain bifurcated entrainment under LDLD through potential interactions with the parametric actions of bright light during the two daily photophases. In three experiments, wheel-running rhythms of Syrian hamsters were bifurcated under LDLD with dimly lit scotophases, and after several weeks, dim scotophase illumination was either retained or extinguished. Additionally, "full" and "skeleton" photophases were employed under LDLD cycles with dimly lit or completely dark scotophases to distinguish parametric from nonparametric effects of bright light. Rhythm bifurcation was more stable in full versus skeleton LDLD cycles. Dim light facilitated the maintenance of bifurcated entrainment under full LDLD cycles but did not prevent the loss of rhythm bifurcation in skeleton LDLD cycles. These studies indicate that parametric actions of bright light maintain the bifurcated entrainment state; that dim scotophase illumination increases the stability of the bifurcated state; and that dim light interacts with the parametric effects of bright light to increase the stability of rhythm bifurcation under full LDLD cycles. A further understanding of the novel actions of dim light may lead to new strategies for understanding, preventing, and treating chronobiological disturbances. (Author correspondence: jevans@msm.edu ).
Authors:
Jennifer A Evans; Jeffrey A Elliott; Michael R Gorman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chronobiology international     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1525-6073     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:    2011 Jul.
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501362     Medline TA:  Chronobiol Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  488-496     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology , University of California , San Diego, La Jolla, California , USA.
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