Document Detail


Dilute-acid pretreatment of distillers' grains and corn fiber.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19773157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Distillers' grains and corn fiber are the coproducts of the dry grind and wet corn milling industries, respectively. Availability of distillers' grains and corn fiber at the ethanol plant and their high levels of lignocellulosic material make them attractive feedstock for conversion to ethanol. In this study, dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis for the conversion of distillers' grains and corn fiber to monomeric sugars and the formation of furfural were investigated. The extent of solubilization of biomass beyond monomeric sugars was also monitored. Biomass loadings in the range of 5-20 wt.% at 5% intervals, acid concentrations in the range of 0.5-1.5 vol.% at 0.5% intervals, and temperatures of 120 and 140 degrees C were studied. The highest yields of monomeric sugars were observed when the least amount of biomass loading was pretreated with the highest concentration of sulfuric acid and when the temperature was 140 degrees C. For the majority of the cases under consideration, the most effective period of hydrolysis appeared to be during the initial 20-30 min of the reaction. Formation of furfural during the course of hydrolysis was significantly lower at 120 degrees C and also lower for the distillers' grains samples compared with the corn fiber samples. The total amount of the solubilized matter during the hydrolysis was significantly higher than the amount of the monomeric sugars. Analyses according to standard procedure were performed to quantify moisture, oil, carbohydrates, and ash in distillers' grains and corn fiber samples. The total carbohydrate content of distillers' grains and corn fiber were 57.7+/-2.0 and 77.0+/-1.0 wt.%, respectively. The presented results will provide a foundation for the suitability of the pretreated distillers' grains and corn fiber for enzymatic hydrolysis step.
Authors:
H Noureddini; J Byun
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-09-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  101     ISSN:  1873-2976     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-23     Completed Date:  2010-02-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1060-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588-0643, United States. hnoureddini@unl.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acids / chemistry
Biomass
Carbohydrates / chemistry
Cereals*
Ethanol / chemistry
Fermentation
Food Industry
Hydrolysis
Industrial Waste
Lignin / chemistry
Solubility
Sulfuric Acids / chemistry
Temperature
Time Factors
Zea mays / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Acids; 0/Carbohydrates; 0/Industrial Waste; 0/Sulfuric Acids; 11132-73-3/lignocellulose; 64-17-5/Ethanol; 7664-93-9/sulfuric acid; 9005-53-2/Lignin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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